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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Original manuscript: The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • The Abstract is following the structure mentioned at the author's direction document.
  • The document has no more than five (5) pictures/figures and no more than six (6) tables.
  • All citations used in the document are duly incorporated in the References section, according to the APA 7th edition standard, indicated in the instructions for authors.
  • I confirm that the manuscript I am submitting to the RAN IS NOT BEING REVIEWED in another journal.
  • I agree to continue with the review process, once I receive the verdict from the RAN indicating that my manuscript is accepted with (major or minor) changes. Likewise, I will respond in a timely manner to the emails I receive from the RAN editorial team.
  • Since the RAN offers a completely free editorial service for the author, I AGREE to correct the changes requested by the reviewers, to improve my manuscript, and to have it published in the RAN.
  • The manuscript presents a minimum of 15 scientific references in English.
  • Over 60% of scientific references were published in the last 10 years.
  • The manuscript it is symmetric in the size of its sections (there are no very long sections and very short ones.)
  • The manuscript highlights - in both the abstract and the discussion section - the contribution that the research makes to the discipline.

Author Guidelines

The manuscript must have a maximum of 8000 words if it is a research article (AI) , 6000 for literature review (RL), and a maximum of 5000 words if it is a case study (EC). And it must be written in double space and on letter-size pages. The text and references must be duly verified before being sent in MS WORD format. The manuscript has a limit of five figures and six tables. It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure that the document is written in the style of the journal, and adequate both in syntax and grammar. The manuscript must be divided into section headings, written in all Spanish or all in English, and with the lines numbered continuously from the first page (title page).

Title page: The first page must contain: full title, affiliation and complete address of the authors, an abstract of no more than 200 words, the name and postal address of each author. Additionally, the corresponding author's e-mail must be included.

Regular pages: The pages that follow the title page must contain only the title of the article and the body of the manuscript. Tables and figures should be located at the end of the document (outside the body of the document). The names of the authors are only on the title page.

Proofs: Print proofs will be sent electronically to the corresponding author for review. These corrections must be reviewed and re-sent to the editor in charge of the volume in process or uploaded to the platform, by the corresponding author, within the following 48 hours from receipt. In case these deadlines are not met, the article will be published in the subsequent edition.

Permissions: Permissions for publication of illustrations must be obtained by the author before submitting the article for review, and any acknowledgments must be incorporated in the footer of the figure. All authors must require prior authorization / citation to publish any figure, table or text extract, in another research work that is not their own.

Title: Initial capital letter, in bold, aligned to the left and in size 14. In lowercase after the colon (“:”).

Group authors: Initial capital letter, Times New Roman font, without bold, size 11, “y” before the last author. Both surnames must be included, if applicable. Superscript and comma separated footer letters are required. Left alignment.

Affiliation: Italic letter, without bold, mentioning the institution and department, the postal address with city and country. At the end enter the email. Times New Roman font, size 10.

Structured abstract: Left aligned, Times New Roman font. If the abstract presents any citation or reference, it should be abbreviated (Sharon, 2001). It should not have more than 200 words. It must be written in Spanish and English.

Structure of the Abstract: In both the Spanish and English versions, the abstract must be divided into the following parts. Mandatory sections:

  • Purpose
  • Design / methodology
  • Findings
  • Practical implications
  • Originality / value

Optional sections:

  • Research limitations / implications
  • Practical implications
  • Social implications

Keywords: Incorporate 4 to 5 keywords, those that are not already in the title of the article. In Spanish and in English each one.

Section headings (level A): Headings aligned to the left, numbered in Roman (I, II, III, etc.), bold, spaced above and below, initial capital letter.

Section Subtitle (Level B): Left aligned, bold, italic, no number, initial capital letter. Top and bottom spacing.

Footnotes must include superscript Arabic numerals. Use a space after the number and in a smaller font (10 recommended).

Equations: Centered on a separate line, numbered on the right side, in parentheses.

Foreign words: Words from Latin or from another origin must be written in italics. For example: in vitro, in vivo, in vacuo, ex ante, cetheris paribus, per se, etc.

Bibliographic reference: APA standard, 7th edition, 2020. The Bibliography section must be ordered alphabetically. It is recommended to use bibliographic managers (Mendeley, Zotero, etc.). Reference lists should not be numbered or bulleted. The names of the authors must include a capital letter. Clearly mention the volume and number of the article, plus the pagination. Always include DOI.

Tables: No more than six tables are allowed. Tables must be numbered in Arabic according to the order of appearance in the text. The title must be added at the top, in bold, Times New Roman font, size 11 and aligned to the left. The source of information should be included at the bottom. Do not use colors. Show only relevant values ​​for interpretation. Table aligned to the center.

Figures: No more than five figures/pictures are allowed. Figures or images must, as long as possible, have a white background. Avoid colors in lines and bars. They should not be shaded or shiny or reflective, since the item is printed in grayscale. Numbered in Arabic, Times New Roman font, size 11. Both the title and the font should be included at the bottom of the figure. Title aligned to the left. Figure aligned to the center.

Figures must be of 300 dpi quality in PNG or TIFF format. If the figure comes from another source, its quality must be ensured when it is incorporated into the manuscript.

Other important aspects of style

  • The word "versus" must always be spelled out completely.
  • The manuscript must be sent in MS WORD format.
  • Tables and figures should appear at the end of the document (after the bibliography) on individual pages, one for each table and for each figure.
  • When the figure comes from another source, and it does not have the required quality, the author will be asked to eliminate or rebuild it.
  • Explanations of abbreviations must always be in initial capital letters (for example: Gross Domestic Product).
  • All abbreviations must be written in full the first time they are mentioned, in parentheses. Then only the abbreviations should be mentioned. This does not apply to the abstract.
  • Use comments or footnotes only when absolutely necessary.
  • The time intervals can be expressed as 1998: 02 or February 1998, being consistent throughout the document.
  • It is not necessary to use periods or commas after the equations.
  • The standard deviation and the standard error should be abbreviated as SD and SE.
  • Use hyphen for p-value, t-test, Q-statistic, and others. The probability p must always be lowercase and italicized.
  • All letters representing variables must be in italics.
  • Use words for numbers strictly less than 10 (one, two,…), except for units of time and measurements. For example:
    5 months, 4 years, 4 days, 10 kilometers, etc.
    Four-digit numbers must be presented without periods or hyphens (1000), numbers with five or more digits must have a thin space (25 300), without periods or commas.
  • The percentages must include the sign "%" if the numerical value is presented: for example: 20%.
  • The dates in the text should be presented as: "August 1, 2000", "September 11", "in the twentieth century", "in the period from 1980 to 2000", "in the crisis of 2008/09", "in the 70s".
  • Do not use hyphens for “no”, for example: non-linear, non-stationary.

Research Article

Política de sección por defecto

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La Revista Academia & Negocios (RAN), ofrece a sus usuarios confiabilidad y privacidad de la información personal que obtenemos y almacenamos en nuestro sistema. Esta Política de Privacidad explica nuestras prácticas sobre la recolección y uso de esta información.

Recolección de la Información

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Cambios a nuestra Política de Privacidad

Podemos cambiar esta política de privacidad de vez en cuando. Todos los cambios se publicarán en esta página con una fecha de revisión actualizada.


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